|USA People Have Right to Choose & Change Govt|
The Oak Initiative - Oak Leaf #26
(c) 2012 The Oak Initiative - Used by permission
June 26, 2012
The People's Right to Choose
and Change Government
By Lloyd Phillips
The Declaration of Independence was a magnificent presentation of the grievances of the American Colonies against an overreaching and overbearing government. It also laid out in spectacular wording for the first time the basic principles of freedom and liberty.
The preamble says in part "...to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed-That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to affect their Safety and Happiness."
Later, when our forefathers created the U.S. Constitution, they referred to these principles in the opening line, which is "We the People of the United States . . . do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." Understanding the principles set forth in The Declaration of Independence, the Constitution they provided had within it the means by which the people could change, alter, and amend the Constitution as they saw the need. In fact, in order to get the document passed by the two-thirds majority of states required to adopt the Constitution, the Federalists had to promise the Anti-Federalists that they would immediately amend a Bill of Rights to the Constitution. Without this promise, it is doubtful that the Constitution would have ever received the votes necessary to become the law of the land. These first ten amendments are our cherished "Bill of Rights."
All state constitutions within the United States likewise present, for legal purposes, how the government will function and the limits on that government. Constitutions are enacted to limit the powers of government; laws are enacted to direct the actions of people. Each state constitution contains within it the means by which the people of that state may amend their constitution. The idea that constitutions are "living documents" rather than a legal document stems from Europe; it is based on the idea of "rule of men" rather than "rule of law."
Every successful businessman knows that without clear and firm laws that can be counted upon, it would be impossible to conduct successful business. If the laws to do business were subject to the whim of a judge or magistrate, it would not be possible to make clear plans and investments, and therefore, the businesses and economy would suffer. This system always leads to corruption, confusion, and the advancement of poverty rather than the increase of prosperity for the majority of people. Our system is a legal system, not an evolving so-called "living" system based upon the whims and biases of judges and magistrates.
However, we are experiencing dangerous encroachments upon the rights of the people and their right to self government, including the right to choose their own form of governance and the ability to amend or abolish such laws and government.
The most dangerous threat against all Americans is currently in play in the State of California over the right to define marriage and dictate what the Government may and may not do to the people of that state. The people of California seem to know instinctively the dangers of redefining and destroying traditional marriage. They also know that they have the right, according to their constitution and the U.S. Constitution, to change laws and amend their constitution. In short, they know they have the right to choose their own government-or do they?
A short review of events is in order. In the year 2000, California voters overwhelmingly approved (61% of the voters to 39%) the passage of Proposition 22, which defined legal marriage in the State of California as between one man and one woman. This was done in response to judicial activism which was, and is, currently promoting marriage as between two people regardless of gender. While this strong showing of the electorate surprised many, it meant nothing to the courts of California who overruled the change to the California Family Code saying it was unconstitutional.
So the good citizens of California complied with the ruling of the courts and passed an amendment to their constitution through the passage of Proposition 8 in 2008. This amended the California Constitution to read "only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California." This also passed by a strong margin of the electorate. However, in a double jeopardy ruling, United States District Court Judge Vaughn R. Walker overturned the amendment on grounds that it would be unconstitutional with a scathing anti-Christian rant as a ruling. His ruling has been upheld by a Federal Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals panel. The panel also affirmed that they believed Judge Walker was not obligated to recuse himself from the case because he is a practicing homosexual. This decision is being appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States.
The Supreme Court case Marbury vs. Madison (1803) is considered by many jurists and legal scholars to be the most important ruling ever from the U.S. Supreme Court. In part, the ruling stated, "That the people have an original right to establish, for their future government, such principles as, in their opinion, shall most conduce to their own happiness, is the basis, on which the whole American fabric has been erected . . . The principles, therefore, so established, are deemed fundamental.
And as the authority, from which they proceed, is supreme . . . they are designed to be permanent . . . The powers of the legislature are defined, and limited; and that those limits may not be mistaken, or forgotten, the constitution is written."
To sum it up, due to concern over judicial activism, the citizens of California acted to clarify for their state that marriage is between one man and one woman. Once legally placed into the family code, it was ruled unconstitutional by activist judges. Therefore, the citizens of California amended their constitution to constitutionally define marriage as between one man and one woman. This amendment to their constitution has now also been ruled unconstitutional. Is there any irony in a ruling that says an amendment to a constitution is unconstitutional?
The actions of the judges have made this issue one much greater than simply the right of the people to define legal marriage in their state. It has now become an issue of the right of the people to choose, to alter, or to abolish their form of government. In legal fact, no powers within the U.S. Constitution grants any judge or court the power to rule a constitution unconstitutional. This is a usurpation of power and the rule of man over law. Our founders were no strangers to the abuse of a ruling class when they detailed the right of the people to choose their government in the Declaration of Independence.
In a democracy, the majority rules. In a republic, the majority rules under a constitution and through representatives elected by rules set forth in that constitution. If a small group of judges is allowed to overrule the will of the people expressed through their votes and enshrined in their constitution, then there is no longer a republic but an oligarchy-a small group of people, not laws, ruling (not governing) over the majority.
Concerning this issue, Thomas Jefferson wrote:
"To consider the judges as the ultimate arbiters
of all constitutional questions [is] a
very dangerous doctrine indeed and
one which would place us
under the despotism of an oligarchy. . .
The constitution has erected no such single tribunal,
knowing that to whatever hands confided,
with the corruptions of time and party,
its members would become despots."
Jefferson's warning has become frighteningly prophetic. The foundations of the Republic and the people's right to choose and change their government are at stake. When the vote of seven million citizens is considered null by one judge-self government has been dealt a blow from which she must at all costs recover. If a citizenry has been robbed of its God-given right to amend its constitution, then liberty by law is in grave peril.
Jefferson also warned of the Federal Judiciary
overruling the state constitutions
as we see occurring in this case,
"the Federal Judiciary . . .
working like gravity by night and by day,
gaining a little today and a little tomorrow,
and advancing its noiseless step like a thief,
over the field of jurisdiction,
until all shall be usurped from the States,
and the government of all be consolidated into one.
When all government... in little as in great things,
shall be drawn to Washington as the center of all power,
it will render powerless the checks provided
of one government on another and will become
as venal and oppressive as the government
from which we separated."
Ours is a unique nation. The only nation in history to declare in its laws-beginning with its foundational documents-that man is sovereign over government and God is sovereign over man. These rulings are no less than a clear attack upon all freedom, and Christianity in particular, as well as the fundamental right of the people to choose their government. What is at stake is liberty itself and the right to choose our government. It matters not what your opinion is on redefining marriage-there is something much more fundamental at stake here-freedom. If these rulings are allowed to remain, all citizens, regardless of sexual preference, will have been placed under a judicial tyranny which our forefathers would never have accepted. It needs to be corrected at any cost.
If I may paraphrase John F. Kennedy-
those who make peaceful change impossible
will make change by other means inevitable.
In my mind, I can see the patriot's flag of 1776
with the liberty tree upon it
and these words emblazoned across it,
"An Appeal to God."